The DREAMS partnership aims to ensure that girls have an opportunity to live Determined, Resilient, Empowered, AIDS-free, Mentored and Safe lives by providing evidence-based interventions in 10 African countries (DREAMS countries: Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe). While most interventions are delivered directly to adolescent girls and young women (AGYW), the partnership also seeks to deliver interventions to the male sexual partners of AGYW in order to reduce HIV risk in AGYW.
The objective of this START project was to survey current literature (within that past 15 years, with a particular focus on the past five years) on characterizing and identifying male sexual partners of AGYW in sub-Saharan Africa, specifically in the 10 DREAMS countries, and assess effective strategies to testing and linking HIV-positive male partners to HIV care. The evidence gathered from the landscape analysis helped inform countries about potential best practices in both characterizing and identifying male partners for testing and linking HIV-positive male partners to HIV care through effective interventions. One recommendation from the START team included the use of non-clinic-based testing as an effective strategy to engage high-risk sexual partners of AGYW. The final deliverables included a PowerPoint presentation and a report summarizing the existing literature with tables outlining the characteristics and interventions for male partners.